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Carte Cosmographique, Ou Universelle Description Du Monde, Avec Les Ventz

Carte Cosmographique, Ou Universelle Description Du Monde, Avec Les Ventz : G. Frisius / P. Apian

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A scarce and interesting woodblock map on a truncated cordiform (heart-shaped) projection surrounded by a vividly engraved border of windheads, mythical figures and clouds. Amongst these gargoyle images are three cadaverous heads blowing the supposedly plague-carrying southerly winds. The map is said to have been based on one, now lost, by Gemma Frisius and was published in Peter Apian's "Cosmographia ...". Three very similar woodblock versions of the map are noted, this being the first, published initially in Antwerp in 1544 and identified by the word Europa at an angle. It is one of the earliest obtainable maps to show a complete, although very narrowed, outline for the entire New World. South America is clearly recognisable but the northern part is shown as a narrow strip of land extending north-eastwards from Mexico and labelled "Baccalearum"- a reference to the important cod-fishing industry of the north-east coast that drew so many Europeans initially to the continent. This example is of additional interest as the woodblock moved to Paris, from whence it was published in French editions of the work, and then to Lyon where it was re-published by Du Pinet in an edition with a panel of lengthy descriptive text below and the names of the dominant winds surrounding the map. A very good example of an early and unusual map.
region: World Maps
mapmakers: G. Frisius P. Apian
place and date of publication: Lyon 1544 - 1564
medium and colour: Woodblock, Uncoloured
size in mm: 290 by 325mm (11.5 by 12.75 inches).
ref: 40321
literature: Shirley, The Mapping Of The World, 82.

Price: £ 4800

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