The Road From London To Pool [Plate 97]
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This attractive map shows the roads from Alresford through Winchester to Poole and then from Poole back to Winchester via Southampton. John Ogilby (1600-1676) had a variety of colourful careers (not invariably ending in disaster) before he embarked on a career as a surveyor and cartographer. He was a sometimes dancing master, poet, translator, historian, printer, publisher, Royal Cosmographer (1671), Master of the King's Revels in Ireland, founder manager and director of Dublin's first theatre and surveyor to the City of London, as well as a cartographer! Ogilby is perhaps best known for his series of road-maps entitled the "Britannia", which was the first road-atlas of any country, published in 1675. The atlas was an immediate success, being reprinted many times and was much copied by other map-makers. The atlas illustrates the major roads emanating from London with some of the more important cross roads. Each of the hundred sheets in the atlas covers a distance of about seventy miles, so some of the longer routes are on several sheets - for example London to Lands End is on four sheets. Each sheet is divided into strips representing parchment scrolls, with the map running continuously up the strips. Each map contains a wealth of information showing towns and villages, local landmarks, woods, bridges, castles and even gallows. Hills are shown diagrammatically to indicate the direction of the incline and their size. All this at a constant scale of one inch to the mile. Despite minor centrefold repair this is a good and attractive example of this fascinating map.
mapmaker: J. Ogilby
place and date of publication: London 1675-1698
medium and colour: copperplate, Colouredref: 44056
size in mm: 305 by 435mm (12 by 17.25 inches).
Price: £ 340
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